Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial infection. Bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia which can harm the reproductive organs of women. Chlamydia’s mode of transmission is through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. A child can be infected by a chlamydia-infected mother during vaginal childbirth. There is a greater risk of contracting chlamydia for people who are sexually active and have multiple partners. Both men and women are vulnerable to this infection.

Chlamydia Signs and Symptoms

A majority of people infected with chlamydia do not have symptoms. It usually takes between 1 and 3 weeks for symptoms to show after exposure to chlamydia. Women typically experience a burning feeling during urination or they have an irregular vaginal discharge. The cervix and urethra are first infected by the bacteria, and it later spreads to reproductive organs. Women also experience pain in the lower abdomen, fever, low back pain, nausea, pain during intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual periods. Men have a burning sensation when urinating or a discharge from their penis. The opening of the penis might also be subjected to burning and itching. Chlamydia is also present in the throats and in the rectums of infected individuals following exposure from oral or anal sex.

Chlamydia Treatment

The most commonly used treatments for chlamydia are a week of doxycycline or a single dose of azithromycin. Patients with chlamydia should abstain from having sex for at least a week during the course of the antibiotics to avoid spreading of the infection.

Chlamydia Prevention

Chlamydia can be prevented by having a monogamous relationship with one partner. Men should use latex male condoms for reducing the risk of transmission.

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